Teamwork is very essential in almost every arena of life. There was a reason that since childhood we’re constantly reminded of this fact and every team sport or group project made us realize the significance of teamwork. Later on, as we stepped into the workforce, we became all the more clear why teamwork is actually essential. Here, in this article, we will discuss the web development team and its responsibilities. Read more…
So you recently decided that it is the right time that your business gets a web app and you start looking for a good web development agency. Now as you are in the process of hiring a web development company, you need to be careful about a few essentials.
Executing a research on the development firm is integral before you struck the final deal, like know about their past projects, client satisfaction ratio, and there are several crucial aspects. And one such aspect is knowing the web development team you are going to work with. After all, it will help you in further communication if you know the web development team well, as they will now be the in charge of the project.
Each individual in the web development team have their own specialty & role, and they work towards a common goal. And now as you begin the web development & design project, it is necessary that you know about some important roles that will be part of your web development project.
Web Development Team Structure
A lot of advanced software technologies, high-speed hardware, and huge financial capital go in the making of a web development project. However, none of it will be executed well, if your web development team is not well-skilled & qualified, and failed to deliver value to the end-user, hence your team is the greatest asset.
Now every company will have its own range of services and even the number of web development team members will vary. However, there are some typical ones that any web development company can’t do it and they will be crucial for your web development project as well. So, let’s get to know them:
- Requirement analyst;
- Project manager;
- UI/UX designer;
- Web developer;
- QA engineer.
So this is a typical team structure you will find in most development company and you need to ensure that they are a part of your web development project as well. Meanwhile, in case required the team can also be extended with the addition of a few more members. Like, Development-Operations specialist may come on board to deal with issues related to deployment & app maintenance.
Roles and responsibilities of a Web Development Team
Now, on your app, it’s crucial that you very well know which team members will be responsible to handle what specific task. So, let’s start with the ‘Requirement Analyst’. This person will be the first team-member you will work with, thus we will begin by describing this role first.
Requirement Analyst: Once your web development project kick-starts, you will first require communicating with the Requirement Analyst. As you share your product idea with the analyst, they will turn them into absolute technical specifications. Requirement Analysts will be responsible to understand your expectations with the project and how you want it to be like & then the information will be communicated to the entire web app development team.
Meanwhile, the role of a requirement analyst is not over here. Next comes gathering project’s functional requirements. Once it’s done, the analyst will accordingly help in determining which features must be present in your app.
Next, the analyst will translate the raw data into solid product specifications, which the team can then consult on. It includes a description of how each block of the web app should perform, what each feature should attain, which button will be responsible to achieve a specific business objective, & so on.
In fact, the work of requirement analyst is not over even after the project development has kick-started, as the product requirements will change frequently even during development. Thus, you will be contacted by the analyst throughout the development process so as to clarify & approve changes for new requirements.
Basically, a Requirement Analyst is required to fulfill three tasks, they are:
- Elicit requirements
- Analyze requirements
- Document requirements
- Communicate requirements to other team members
- Develop required documentation
- Manage the project’s scope
Project Manager: This role is crucial for every project and the same holds true for a web development projects, as the project manager will be connecting all dots of the entire development procedure. The manager will discuss client’s vision & expectations with web applications, ‘translate’ it into the language of web developers & designer, accordingly assign tasks, coordinate the development flow, & finally will approve the final product.
In simple terms, “A project manager will identify the main problem required to be solved, and determines, with the response from sponsor & stakeholder, how to deal with it: what will be the project objectives & scope, and which activity will be useful to accomplish objectives. Accordingly, the manager plans & schedules the tasks, supervises daily execution & monitors progress. In the end, s/he will evaluate performance and capture the lessons learned.
UI/UX Designer: No web application is complete without the user-interface (UI) and user experience (UX) design. However, many people have trouble differentiating UI & UX design, and if you are one of them, then let us clear your confusion.
Basically, a UI with no UX is more like a fashion designer sketching a design without thought, whereas UX with no UI is more like a frame of a sculpture without any papermache onto it. A remarkable product experience requires UX followed by UI. They are both crucial to the success of a web project.
UI design is crucial to determine how the website’s surface is laid out, while UX design will cover the way a user interacts with the website all through the user journey. Although UX design is more about analytics & testing, ultimately both UX & UI are vital parts of a contemporary website design. In the web development team, generally, one person is responsible to manage both UX & UI design.
Web Developer – In the web app development team-structure, software engineers are divided into two categories:
- Front-end developers
- Back-end developers
Front-end Developers – So, the front-end development side is the one that the user sees and can interact with. It comprises of design elements, whose behavior is defined by the code written by the front-end developer. Like, when a user will scroll down the web app, they’ll get a pop-up registration form.
Back-end developers – Next comes Back-end developers, who manage operations which are though invisible to users but still hold great value in the functioning of a web development team. The backend part of a web app usually consists of a server, database, and server-side apps.
Back-end developers are responsible for the implementation of the web app’s business logic & designing of a server architecture for a web app. A back-end developer is responsible for writing server-side scripts, implementation of security standards, creation & management of databases, development & integration of a Content Management System (CMS) and integration of the app with cloud-computing services.
Apart from these, a back-end developer is often responsible for development-operation work, like maintenance of server infrastructure, updating & release of new versions of the web app.
Quality Assurance Engineer – QA & Testing is essential for any web app development process. It holds the same significance as front-end, back-end development, designing & management. This is why every web app development team must have quality assurance specialists, who are responsible to design the tests and then apply them during the entire development procedure, thus solving any issues prior to the production work for a product begins.
A QA specialist is involved in the tasks like software design, source code writing, source code control, code review, software integration, test program, change management, configuration management and also release management procedure.
The main idea of testing is the prevention of low-quality products from being released into the market. QA engineer analyses the code from another side, which is not available for the person who is writing the code. Testing is also crucial to save tonnes of money as it reveals the bugs during the early stage of the development process itself.
Final Note: Now that you have understood the roles & responsibilities of web app development team members, next we would like to inform you that at times the team structure for similar projects may vary. It could be due to your own preferences, the difficulty of the project or owing to development time-frame.
However, now as you know it all about the development team, then it will be easier for you to communicate your requirements, concerns, queries to the right individual.